What is arthritis- causes, types, treatments & diagnosis

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is a common disease related to joint pain problems. There are 100 plus types of arthritis, with many different types of treatments and causes of arthritis. Its symptoms usually take some time to show its effects but sometimes its causes appear more suddenly in some peoples.

Most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid.

 it is most commonly found in people over the age of 60 to 65 but it also devolves in teens and youngsters.  some symptoms are extreme pain in joints of different parts of joints.

Arthritis symptoms

Swelling, joint pain, and stiffness are some of the very common symptoms. In this disease, an individual who suffers has difficulty in motion and walking ability decreases feels pain in joints, and also experiences redness around your joints skin.

Peoples with this problem face more difficulty in the morning time because body joints get locked and people feel pain in moving.

Its symptoms varying from person to person and also have different symptoms and treatments.

Most common arthritis symptoms are:

  • Joint pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness around the joint portion
  • Difficulty in motion
  • Stiffness

Types of arthritis     

There are more than 100 types of arthritis some are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Other types are as follow:

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Reactive
  • Psoriatic

Let’s talk about osteoarthritis and rheumatoid


Osteoarthritis mostly affects people how have been having the problem of obesity because due to extra weight there is more pressure exerted on your joint. It mostly affects joints like the hips, knees, feet’s, and spins.

All joints support the body which is mostly affected due to many reasons and starts pain in joints it takes little time to show symptoms. Due to osteoarthritis a person how these problems have has been a loss of slippery material which present on joints and also shock absorbing ability also reduced.

It most of symptoms depends on which joint of your body affected:

  • Deep pain
  • Extreme pain while walking and motion
  • Stiffness during morning
  • Difficulty in gripping things
  • Stiffness after rest


Rheumatoid is an autoimmune disease which means that the immune system attacks different parts of the body and especially joints. It has inflammation effects which also leads to damaged joints and it cannot treat within time.

Some of the peoples how has Rheumatoid see some lumps on your skin which is called rheumatoid nodules.

These mostly affect joint areas of knuckles, heels, and elbows. In this type immune system get confused after infections and target on joints.

Most common symptoms are:

  • Mostly affects small joints like wrists, feet’s and hands
  • Morning stiffness is very common in all type of arthritis
  • Swelling in joints
  • Locked joints or bones

causes of arthritis?

types of arthritis

There are so many different causes of arthritis each has different treatments and causes.

Some common causes of arthritis are:

  • Abnormal metabolism leads to pseudogout and gout
  • Arthritis may also cause due to inheritance
  • Infection, such as Lyme disease
  • Dysfunction of the immune systems such as SLE and RA
  • Damage to the joint during any physical activity makes it worse

In many people’s this may also cause due to genetic factors. Some of the additional factors that may also cause this kind of disease are smoking, physical injuries, and infections.

Some jobs which involve work pressure on knees or joints then this may also cause this dangerous problem in many peoples.

In many cases, an unhealthy diet with high sugar and unhealthy food habits can make it worse.

Treatments of arthritis

Treatment of arthritis depends on its type and which joint of the body has a problem.

Treatment involves controlling the pain of joint and also to improve the functioning, motion of joints.

It involves various types of treatments such as:

  • Non- pharmacological therapies
  • Medications
  • Surgery
  • Joint replacements in some cases
  • Physical therapy


Medication involve medicines for treatment and medication include.

Painkillers: painkillers help to reduce pain but a painkiller does not help to reduce inflammation.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: its short form is NSAIDs it not only reduces pain but also reduces inflammation.

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs: it is also known as DMARDs and this type of drug helps rheumatoid and helps to slow down the immune system to avoid joint pain.


Surgery is a way if a case became a little bit worse evenly doctors or experts do not suggest surgery if not mandatory.

Surgery may useful for:

Joint replacement: this surgery involves the replacement of damaged bone and then damaged bone is replaced by artificial bone.

Repairing of joints: In this procedure, experts work on a better functioning of joints and it often takes for small joints.

Joint fusion: in this sugary first end surface of bone has been removed and then with the help of artificial bone both the joint locked or jointed.

Lifestyle to take care

arthritis symptoms
source pixabay

Tips and suggestions to treat by using home remedies:

Exercise: exercise is very useful to free your joints and also make your joints function better. It helps to reduce the chances of joint injuries and mobility of your bones or joints.

Maintained weight: an obese person may have more chance of getting knee or joint problems because there is more pressure on the joint and due to which joint feels more strain on joint.

Heat and cold pads: heat and cold pads are also help to relieve pain.

Healthy diet: if you take your health seriously from staring regarding your health then there is a chance to avoid all types of disease and other health problems.

Yoga: yoga is great to make joints more flexible and also improve the motion of joints.

End line:

This is all information for you that what is arthritis, causes of arthritis, symptoms, and other useful information to know all major and minor details about arthritis. Learning about a disease is very effective to fight any type of disease.                       

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