What is smallpox- its cause, types, treatment

What is smallpox?

what is smallpox
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Smallpox is one of the most dangerous and contagious viruses and there is no cure available.

It is a series problem that is caused by a virus known as variola virus. It is a contagion type of disease which means that it transmitted from one person to another.

Many people can recover from smallpox but 10 out of 3to 4 people candied. And people who recovered from this deadly disease have permanent scars on their bodies.

Now there is no case since 1977 which is great and from that, we can say that this disease will get extended which is a really good thing for all of us.

In this article, we are going to discuss in detail what is smallpox, the causes of smallpox, the signs, and smallpox symptoms and treatments.

What are the signs and symptoms of smallpox?

According to experts and case studies when some suffer from these diseases than small symptoms should be seen in more than 17 to 18 days.

Some of the common smallpox symptoms occur as follows:

  • Chills
  • High fever
  • Vomiting
  • Irritation
  • Headache
  • Back pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Aching muscles
  • Pain

These are some smallpox symptoms which diaper within 2-3 days just after these symptoms disappear then the problem of rashes comes.

These raises first appear on the face and then it spreads all over the body like hands, forearms, and legs. After some days these rashes turn into pimples or bump that filled with pus and fluid.

Due to bumps on the skin patients start itching problems due to which became worse and also leave black marks and scars on the skin.

It is very important for the person with this disease then the patient should be remaining contagious until he/ she gets well.

Causes of smallpox

causes of smallpox

There are so many servals causes available and it is caused by infection with variola virus.

this can transmitted by:

One to another person:

From person to person transmission held due to close contact of a person. In this, the virus can be transmitted through air droplets when an infected person speaks, sneeze, or cough.

Sharing things:

It is easily spread when a person use clothing, materials, etc of an infected person in a close environment like a room or in the same floor then there is a much higher chance to get this disease these are one of the most common causes of smallpox.

Types of smallpox  

There are two types of smallpox which are named variola minor and variola major.

Variola minor is less known than variola major and also accounts for graphs there is less than 2 percent death of infected ones.

There are more than 90% of the case seems, that is variola major.

These two types of smallpox (variola major and variola minor) are also known as hemorrhagic and malignant.

Smallpox treatment

There is no cure or vaccine available for this infection but due to vaccination problems all over the world, this disease has been eradicated.

The people with a low immune system and has close contact with an infected person have a much higher chance to get infected. But there are some treatments are available which not may cure it completely but reduce its effect.

By using several types of antibiotics and certain types of vaccination it can keep the illness and other symptoms from beginning serve.

End line:

That’s all about this dangerous disease it is one of the dangerous diseases of all time but not it is eliminated, so don’t worry and be strong and fit.

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