What is tuberculosis(TB)- causes,treatments & prevention

What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a disease that is related to the lungs and tuberculosis disease is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacteria mainly affect the lungs but in any case, it also affects other body parts. in short form, it is most commonly known as TB.

Tuberculosis spread through the air from one person to another through sneezing, cough, and talk to close should be also one of the main reasons for tuberculosis causes from person to person.

An individual with a low immune system has a higher chance to get TB.

In this article, we are going to talk about all details like what is tuberculosis, causes, symptoms, treatment, and also that how not to spread TB to others. I think there is more than enough information to get information regarding TB.

Tuberculosis symptoms

Many times a person with tuberculosis infections does not experience tuberculosis symptoms. A condition of not experiencing symptoms of tuberculosis called latent TB but a latent TB can be dormant for a long time but it can develop into major active TB.

Active TB is a little bit more harmful than latent TB which involves symptoms related to respiratory disease which include blood during cough and difficulty in breathing.

One of the common tuberculosis symptoms is coughing that lasts for more than 2-3 weeks and also has breathing difficulty.

Some other common tuberculosis symptoms are:

  • High fever
  • Weight loss
  • Appetite loss
  • Weakness
  • Sweating at night
  • Pain in chest
  • Continuous coughing

TB can be treated by taking the right medicines taking from doctors. It is very important that for proper tuberculosis treatment an individual who suffers from TB should take medicines properly as described by doctors it is not ok it takes TB as a normal problem and skips drugs or medicines if anyone does this then TB became more effective for your health and body.

This is a disease that spread from one to another person and if it cannot be treated well then it can affect many other people which is not good at all so a person with TB should have to take care of properly.

What are tuberculosis causes?

what is tuberculosis
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As we talk above that tuberculosis causes due to a bacteria known as mycobacterium TB. This mostly affects the lung.

It is a contagious or infectious disease which means that this disease transfers from person to person.

 It only causes when a person with TB sneezes or coughs in the air and other person get toughed with those molecules of infected peoples. The result of inhaling infected molecules or air droplet through to patient cause you primary TB.

TB is a general disease that can cause anyone but a certain group with certain factors to have more chances to get contaminated with this kind of disease.

Some common factors include:

People with a week immune system have more chance to get tuberculosis but if anyone has a strong immune system can fight TB much better.

Much kind of diseases and conditions can make immune system weak:

  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Malnutrition
  • Kidney problems
  • Crohn’s disease

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is some disease which makes your immune system weak if you have one of this disease then TB is a little bit difficult to defect.

Tuberculosis treatments

Tuberculosis treatment is quoted as possible to take care of by proper medication it takes a little longer time to get well be it can be curable.

Experts or doctor prefers some antibiotics with help to kill that bacteria will is responsible for TB it takes about 8-9 months to get well completely. It depends on your body’s immune type and the treatment given by doctors.

There are mainly two types of TB called active and latent which both can be treated form certain ways which are as follow:

Isoniazid: Isoniazid is one of the most common therapies to take care of latent Tb which involves Isoniazid antibiotics prescribed medicine by doctors to take for a long time as daily doses.

Isoniazid and rifapentine: As per the doctor’s preference and patients have to take these medicines once a week for 2-3 months.

There are some other treatments available for active Tb which a TB patient has to take for more than 8-9 months as per doctor preference.

Most commonly medications use to treat TB are as follow:

  • Isoniazid
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Ethambutol
  • Rifampin

It totally depends on your test that which kind of medical doctor prefers to you for Tuberculosis treatments.

It is very much possible that you feel staring well after some time of treatment and medication but a daily routine should be very necessary to follow as per the doctor’s advice.

How to prevent spread of TB

 If you have checked your self and found a case of TB the first advice from a doctor is to stay home and masks to cover face because in TB there are symptoms like cough and sneezing which lead to spreads air droplets in the air and may inhale by another person and he or she may get infected that’s why it is better to stay home to avoid TB from spreading.

During this time you should have to avoid public places and close contact with other people and manly people with a low immune system like kids and older once.

In this small article, we talked that what is Tuberculosis, Tuberculosis treatments, Tuberculosis causes, and TB symptoms that are more than enough to get knowledge about TB I suppose that this article should beneficial for you to know about TB in detail.

This is it you should meet the doctor and get all details and information from the doctor how to deal with the disease.

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